In a current research, researchers from the Division of Natural Chemistry (OC) and Supplies Analysis Centre (MRC), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), present that floor modifications of two-dimensional molybdenum disulfide (2D-MoS2) nanosheets could make them extremely efficient for functions like delivering medicine to diseased cells.
Nanomaterials normally should be modified or custom-made relying on the applying to enhance their effectivity. Usually, they’re chemically modified by way of a course of known as functionalization, which entails attaching ligands (small or giant molecules) to the floor of the nanomaterial.
Within the new research, the researchers modified the floor of 2D-MoS2 nanosheets with thiol (sulfur-containing) ligands. They discovered that these thiols could be exchanged with naturally-occurring thiols in organic methods, which may permit medicine hooked up to those nanosheets to be launched. These chemically-modified nanosheets had been additionally discovered to be secure to make use of inside dwelling cells.
“Our research exhibits that thiol trade on 2D-MoS2 nanosheets is efficient, and the nanomaterial is secure within the presence of assorted biomolecules. This is a crucial remark as it should make this nanomaterial extremely helpful for biomedical functions like drug supply,” explains Mrinmoy De, Affiliate Professor on the Division of Natural Chemistry and senior writer of the research printed in ACS Nano.
The staff first used a fluorescent thiol known as boron-dipyrromethene (BOD-SH) to change the floor of the 2D-MoS2 nanosheets with a purpose to create a functionalized model (BOD-MoS2). Then, they examined the potential for thiol-to-thiol trade on BOD-MoS2 utilizing glutathione (GSH)—a naturally occurring thiol present in abundance in most cancers cells. They discovered that GSH molecules swapped locations with BOD-SH on the floor of the nanosheet—a course of that they confirmed utilizing fluorescence methods.
When the researchers hooked up an anti-cancer drug named doxorubicin (DOX) to the nanosheet floor, they discovered that thiol trade may additionally occur between GSH and DOX, permitting DOX to get dropped off on the diseased website. As a result of the trade occurs solely within the presence of excessive concentrations of GSH present in diseased cells, medicine like DOX could be delivered particularly to most cancers cells with out affecting regular cells, which might additionally doubtlessly scale back any negative effects.
Earlier efforts have centered on utilizing gold nanoparticles for such biomedical functions, in response to the researchers, however these nanoparticles are costly and have restricted effectivity resulting from their non-selectivity between mono thiols and disulfides.
“Our experiments present that 2D-MoS2 nanosheets could be an efficient substitute for gold nanoparticles, and they are going to be tremendously helpful within the discipline of nanomedicine,” says Pradipta Behera, a postdoctoral analysis scholar at IISc and the primary writer of the research. The MoS2 nanosheets had been discovered to be secure within the presence of biofluids. Additionally they have the next floor space than gold nanoparticles, which signifies that they are often extra environment friendly.
Shifting ahead, the staff plans to work on enhancing the steadiness of the nanomaterial within the presence of assorted thiol-containing liquids and exploring different floor modification approaches to customise the nanosheets for different functions. “This work on 2D-MoS2 nanosheets could be developed sooner or later as an alternative choice to RNA and DNA supply functions, which could be helpful for detecting and treating infections corresponding to COVID-19,” provides Behera.
Pradipta Behera et al, Ligand Trade on MoS2 Nanosheets: Functions in Array-Primarily based Sensing and Drug Supply, ACS Nano (2022). DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.2c06994
Indian Institute of Science
Chemically modified nanosheets for biomedical functions (2023, March 2)
retrieved 3 March 2023
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